Understanding Image Resolution: A Comprehensive Guide for 3D Rendering and Printing
Have you ever downloaded an image from the Internet, only to find that the printed result did not meet your expectations? This difference in quality often boils down to the image resolution. On your computer screen, the image may appear vibrant and sharp, but it may print smaller, blurred, or ‘bricked’. The cause of this discrepancy is the resolution of the image.
The Importance of Higher Resolution in 3D Visualisation Rendering and Animation
For 3D rendering and 3D animation, higher image resolution is imperative. Understanding all the subtleties of image resolution can be time-consuming, but this article aims to shed light on rendering quality and the essential nuances when selecting it. Below, you will find illustrative examples of images in low and high resolution.
Resolution Optimisation: 3D rendering image resolution depends on the number of pixels used to create the image. The higher and denser the number of pixels in the image, or pixels per inch, the sharper and clearer the final image will be. Utilising 3D rendering software, 3D artists can create images that are more realistic based on how the resolution is configured.
Resolution Optimisation in 3D Rendering
Image resolution in 3D rendering depends on the number of pixels used to create the image. By utilising technology such as Ray Tracing, the higher the number of pixels, or pixels per inch (PPI), the clearer the final image will be. Your choice of image resolution impacts how realistic the image needs to be.
What is Render Resolution?
Rendering resolution is the number of pixels (dots or coloured squares) per unit area of the image. On a printed image, this property is measured in dots per inch (dpi) or “pixels per inch” (PPI) (displayed on a screen). 3D modelling software provides tools to set the image resolution, which determines the render quality. The image’s height and width are shown as two values, relating to 3D graphics at high quality (HD renders), to produce real-life effects.
Each artist configures rendering resolution in their method, depending on the circumstance, the task, and the level of quality that they want to achieve. There is no unambiguous opinion regarding the default settings of any rendering engines. Depending on the system, some settings need to be adjusted. The render will be larger and take longer the higher the quality is.
Using Image Resolution to Determine Size
The definition given above is straightforward. The actual or perceived size of pixels can also be described using the word “resolution.” In creating a 3D scene or 3D movie that mimics the real world, resolution plays a significant role. The pixels in a digital image don’t have a size because they are not physical objects. The pixels in an image take on their true size when printed or shown on a tangible object.
The size of the pixels themselves is referred to as resolution, and the number of pixels that fit into one inch is called render resolution. The process of creating images that are computer generated relies heavily on the right resolution settings.
Is Higher Resolution Better?
Absolutely, yes. Better resolution is required for renderings of high quality. The more detailed and high-quality render, the higher this option is set to. A low resolution will cause the image to appear blurry or washed out. The quality of a computer-generated image on the screen and when printed is also affected when it is resized in pixels and how big it appears on the screen. The size of an image has a direct impact on its resolution as well.
Image Resolution for Print and Web
Understanding resolution in computer graphics can be complex, as it involves different aspects. It’s crucial to differentiate between web (screen), image, and printer resolution, as they all refer to distinct aspects.
Web Screen Resolution
Web (screen) resolution is determined by the operating system and computer system. It dictates the size of an image that will fill the entire screen, measured in pixels.
Printer resolution, a feature of a printer, defines the number of distinct dots that can be printed in a unit-length area. It’s measured in dpi and determines the size and quality of an image.
Requirements for Image Resolution in Printing
Image resolution should be at least 300 dpi for printing a full-colour image. For high-quality 3D-produced graphics, resolutions up to 400 dpi are commonly used.
A resolution of 200 to 250 dpi is typically deemed sufficient for newspapers, with 400 to 600 dpi for line images.
For large-scale printing like billboards, lower resolutions, such as 30 dpi, are often acceptable.
A resolution of 250 dpi is considered ideal for high-quality photo printing.
Choosing Render Image Resolution
Render resolution varies according to the artist’s preferences, the task, and the desired quality. For preliminary renders, resolutions such as 720×480 or 1800×1200 pixels are typical. For better quality, consider:
- 1200×1500 px initially
- 3000×2400 px for final renders
Resolution for Animation
- 1920x1080p at 72 dpi for architectural graphics (full HD)
- 30 FPS for video games
- 24 to 60 frames for videos
High-quality 3D animation and rendering require optimal image resolution. In this guide, we have explored render resolution, the benefits of high resolution, appropriate settings for web and print, and the ideal dimensions for animation. By understanding and applying these principles, you can significantly enhance the quality of your 3D renderings and printed images in 2D images or viewed on 3D TVs. Remember, image resolution is not just a number; it’s a critical factor that defines the clarity and detail of your visual content.